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雅思口语真功夫:答案扩展的五点重要法则

中国雅思网 发表时间:2018年7月3日

在雅思口语课上,最让老师痛苦的一件事情是学生开不了口或开口只会说简单的单词。一些基础不好的学生经常不知道口语该从哪些方面去讲。在考场上更是表现的一塌糊涂,答案十分简短和简单又支离破碎。例如:

EXAMINER: Do you like music?

CANDIDATE: Yes, I do, because music is very interesting.

6分的评分标准中有如下两条:

“is willing to speak at length, has a wide enough vocabulary to discuss topics at length ”

这里对如何把答案说“长”有特别的规定和要求。本文就如何扩展答案(主要针对Part 1)进行一些讨论。下面归纳了几种简单的方法。

一、I+F+F

I=myself, F=friends or family members, F=feelings when you are doing these things. 就是在回答问题的时候可以说说自己的情况,也可以说说家庭成员或者朋友的情况,然后再说一下在做这些事情时候的感受。

例如刚才的问题:

Do you like music?

Absolutely. I am really into it, and I have some friends who are also crazy about music. Every time I listen to nice pieces, I feel I am over the moon. I guess they feel the same way.

Do you like cooking?

Definitely not. Cooking is the last thing I would do. No one in my family troubles to cook but my mom. She cooks a lot, but she never stops complaining.

当然不是所有问题都可以这样来扩展,但liking型的题目都可以通过这样的思路来。

二、External Cause +Internal Cause

内在原因+外在原因

内在原因可以说说你你自身的原因,外在原因可以说说家人,社会外在原因对这个事情造成的影响。例如:

Would you like to change your job?

I suppose not. I am used to everything in my company. I do not want to make things different. It takes time to know people around me. Besides, my colleagues are really nice , and the salary is good. So I guess I will not change my job for a while.

这个思路也可以用于对like型问题的回答,对与题目中隐藏Why的问题也适用

三、Past +Present + Future

对于有的问题可以谈论下过去的情况,讨论下现在的情况,必要的话还可以说说将来的情况,例如:

What do you do for a living?

Presently I work for a travel agency. To be more specific, I am a tour guide.

You know, two years ago, I was an assistant for a manager. I had to stay in the office all day. I was not born to be an indoor type. So I am doing what I want to do.

What types of music do you like best?

Well, in the past, when I was young and crazy, I really fancied Rock and Roll, Powerful and passionate stuff, but sometimes it can be too loud and noisy as well. Now I am extremely fond of rap. It’s kind of cool, I guess. Maybe one day, when I am tired of rap, I will listen to other music, say, classical, country music or whatever.

四、Statement + Supporting ideas+ Example

给出自己的观点,再给出论据,然后再给出个例子。例如:

Would you say your hometown is a good place for people to live?

Undoubtedly. Life is really made easy here. Wherever you want to go, you can always find a kind of transport that suits you. The big thing is shopping is awfully convenient. There are countless shops; some of them are open 24 hours a day. What’s more, there are always things for you to do, say, many nice pubs.

五、记叙文“六要素”法扩展

Time+ place+ people+ cause+ process+ result

当然不是每一点都需要涉及到,也没这个必要,只需要把值得提的地方说一说即可。

What do you do in your spare time?

When I have free time, I prefer to play basketball with my close friends at the playground. You know, we are under great pressure. It’s a nice way for us to let our hair down. Sometimes we play against some other schoolmates. However, we do not care much about winning or who losing the game. We just play it for fun. I also made some friends through doing it.

当然雅思口语回答不一定要遵照某种固定的模式,但要对问题给出回答,然后再给出些相关的细节才能够显示出“talk at length”的能力。建议对于基础薄弱的同学和无话可说的同学上述思路都是可以在口语实战中操作和运用的,只要反复练习加以熟练,考场上便可脱口而出。
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